Excel extras optionen diagramm


Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to excel extras optionen diagramm sure the software is free for all its users.

You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software and charge for this service if you wishthat you receive source code or can get it if excel extras optionen diagramm want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.

To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid excel extras optionen diagramm to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have.

You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. We protect excel extras optionen diagramm rights with two steps: Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents.

We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary.

The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. T e r excel extras optionen diagramm s a n d C o n d i t i o n s F o r C o p y i n gD i s t r i b u t i o n a n d M o d i f i c a t i o n This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. Activities other than copying, excel extras optionen diagramm and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope.

The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program independent of having been made by running the Program.

Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.

You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions: You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.

You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no excel extras optionen diagramm to all third parties under the terms of this License.

If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a excel extras optionen diagramm that there is no warranty or else, saying that you provide a warranty and that users excel extras optionen diagramm redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this License.

These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.

Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program.

In addition, mere aggregation of another work excel extras optionen diagramm based on the Program with the Program or with a work based on the Program on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License. You may copy and distribute the Program or a work based on it, under Section 2 excel extras optionen diagramm object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the following: Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or, Accompany it with a written offer, valid excel extras optionen diagramm at least three years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or, Accompany it with excel extras optionen diagramm information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code.

This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in object code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above. The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it.

For an executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as excel extras optionen diagramm special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed in either source or excel extras optionen diagramm form with the major components compiler, kernel, and so on of the operating excel extras optionen diagramm on which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.

If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated excel extras optionen diagramm, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided excel extras optionen diagramm this License.

Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program or any work based on the Programyou indicate your acceptance of this Excel extras optionen diagramm to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.

Each time you redistribute the Program or any work based on the Programthe recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason not limited to patent issuesconditions are imposed on you whether by court order, agreement or otherwise that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License.

If you excel extras optionen diagramm distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.

If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is excel extras optionen diagramm to apply in other excel extras optionen diagramm.

It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices.

This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License. Such new excel extras optionen diagramm will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this.

Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of excel extras optionen diagramm derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse excel extras optionen diagramm software generally. How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs If you develop a new program, and you want it to be excel extras optionen diagramm the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this excel extras optionen diagramm it starts in an interactive mode: The hypothetical commands show w and show c should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than show w and show excel extras optionen diagramm ; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.

Here is a sample; alter the names: If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. Hierzu wird eine Fehlerfunktion Summe der Fehlerquadrate definiert, in die die Modellfunktion eingesetzt wird. Der Vorteil liegt darin, dass der Fortschritt der Evolutionsstrategie bei hoher Anzahl der Problemdimensionen schneller vonstatten geht als bei der Gradientenstrategie.

Je komplizierter also die Modellfunktion ist, desto empfehlenswerter ist es die Evolutionsstrategie zu verwenden. This addin may be distributed under the terms of General Public License Seite 7: Die Vorliegende Anleitung gliedert sich in drei Teile.

Der zweite Abschnitt befasst sich mit der genauen Bedienung des Addins. Wer sich excel extras optionen diagramm Excel und der Evolutionsstrategie auskennt, wird hier am schnellsten zum Ziel gelangen. Ein Individuum wird mathematisch also durch einen Vektor dargestellt. Die einfachste denkbare Strategie ist eine so genannte 1, -ES. Dieser Elter excel extras optionen diagramm Kinder in die Welt. Mathematisch bedeutet dies, dass jedes Kind wie folgt aus dem Eltervektor berechnet wird: Sie konditioniert im Prinzip die Mutation auf das vorliegende Problem, gibt also an wie stark die Merkmale der Kinder im Mittel von denen des Elters abweichen.

Diese Bestimmung kann im Computer durch direkte Auswertung einer Funktion erfolgen. Die Schritte wiederholen sich dann solange bis kein Fortschritt mehr stattfindet und der Lauf abgebrochen wird. Wie zu erwarten ist, arbeitet erstere Strategie nicht mit einem, sondern mit Eltern. Es entsteht damit ein sogenannter Excel extras optionen diagramm, der nun wiederum wie bereits bekannt mal mutiert wird um die einzelnen unterschiedliche Kinder zu erhalten. Andere Merkmalsvermischungen wie die diskrete Rekombination, werden hier nicht weiter betrachtet.

Die Schrittweite beschreibt dabei den Radius dieser Hyperkugel. Gestartet wird beispielsweise von einer kreisrunden Mutationsverteilung. Ist der Elternschwerpunkt der laufenden Generation bestimmt, wird die Verteilung in seine Richtung etwas gestreckt. Stattdessen wird die Mutationsverteilung durch Anpassung ihrer Kovarianzmatrix mit Hilfe sogenannter Evolutionspfade angepasst.

Zu guter Letzt erfolgt eine Vorstellung der Schnittstelle des Addins um eine Implementierung in eigenen Quellcode zu vereinfachen. Eingetragene Messwerte im Excelsheet mit geplotteter Funktion. Um und mit Hilfe des Makros anzupassen, muss jetzt die Funktion auf die durch die Messdaten vorliegenden X-Werte angewendet werden. In Zelle C2 steht also letztendlich: Die fertige Tabelle ist in Abbildung 6 zu sehen.

Man hat nun alle notwendigen Vorbereitungen getroffen damit die Anpassung der Koeffizienten durch die Evolutionsstrategie mit Hilfe des Makros erfolgen kann. Die Zellen in denen die Werte stehen die angepasst werden sollen. Also die Zellen in denen die Koeffizienten der anzupassenden Funktion stehen. In unserem Beispiel sind das die zwei Zellen F2 und G2. Die Zelle in der der zu minimierende Wert steht. In unserem Beispiel also die Zelle, in der die Summe der Fehlerquadrate steht.

Nach erfogreicher Berechnung wird die Anzahl der Iterationen oder in evolutionsstrategischer Sprache die Anzahl der Excel extras optionen diagramm angezeigt und die neuen angepassten Koeffizienten eingetragen.

Im vorliegenden Beispiel Abb.

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